Landscapes of the UK
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|1.1.1||The physical landscapes of the UK have distinctive characteristics.||N|
|1.1.2||There are a number of geomorphic processes which create distinctive landscapes.|
|1.1.3||Rivers create a range of landforms which change with distance from their source within a river basin.||R, L, F|
|1.1.4||There are a range of landforms within the coastal landscape.||R, L, F|
|1.1.5||Landscapes are dynamic and differ depending on their geology, climate and human activity.||R, L, F|
This topic enables students to build on their prior knowledge of the UK’s physical landscape and apply their knowledge of processes and landforms to two key case study locations.
The first section refers to an overview of upland, lowland and glaciated landscapes and is meant to be a short refresher of the basic physical geography of the UK. The map outlining these areas in the resources is sufficient in identifying the areas and the comparison exercise will allow students to see an overview of these landscapes.
The second section seeks to ensure that students have a firm grasp of the major geomorphic processes at work within the landscapes of the UK. Prior knowledge can be extended here through the use of more geographical terminology and the ways in which these processes interlink.
The third and fourth sections aim to ensure that students have a clear understanding of a range of landforms seen in both fluvial and coastal landscapes. It is important that students have an understanding of the formation of the named landforms in theory as well as the applied knowledge of the case study areas.
The two case studies should be chosen to ensure that students can see the impact of geology and climate on the area and the specific geomorphic processes seen in the context of the area. The inclusion of place specific examples is key to a successful and robust case study. The human activities, including management in these areas, need to be looked at alongside the geomorphic processes to evaluate the impacts on the landscape.
Common misconceptions or difficulties students may have:
There are many similarities between geomorphic processes in fluvial and coastal environments, including the names of some of the processes, so it is important that students clearly understand the different impacts that these processes can have in the landscapes.
Case studies can also be difficult for students to understand and visualise. If you are able to use fieldwork to enhance understanding of these landscapes, this could be beneficial.
Conceptual links to other areas of the specification – useful ways to approach this topic to set students up for topics later in the course:
There are clear links to 1.3.2, the UK Flood event, which could be a flood on the river chosen to be the case study for 1.1.5.
This could be used as an introduction to the topic to test current understanding or could be used as a refresher between lessons on the different landscapes.
This map is intended as an overview of these areas as required in the specification and will allow students to see the differences in the landscapes.
These four maps are also on a PowerPoint presentation which could be used as a class if preferred to discuss the different characteristics of the UK and could also be used in conjunction with the overview maps in the previous resource.
A total of 14 processes are named on the cards.
Students could approach this as an independent learning task or use text books if available. A ‘starting point’ sheet with some useful web links is also included.
This is based on the River Conwy but the information is generic. The meander formation includes helicoidal flow. There is mention of the estuary at the end of the video but this is not included on this worksheet.
This is very clearly laid out and pauses at each stage so students could easily draw and label their own diagrams before moving on.
In order for students to make a video, they will need a tablet or smartphone. This is an interactive way for students to engage with coastal landform formation and they are encouraged to be precise in their script to go alongside the video to ensure that they have the knowledge required.
This animation uses key terms when explaining longshore drift, such as Kinetic Energy, which will enable students to use more advanced geographical terminology in a clear context
This could form the basis of a case study on the River Severn and the notes could form part of a case study booklet or sheet.
The weblinks provide information about historical industry on the River Severn and how mining, in particular, was linked to the Ironbridge Gorge and the geology of the area. The learner resource provides a set of questions for students to answer once they have researched the weblinks; these can be answered as a group for class discussion or individually.
This historical use of the River Servern has also led to the commercial activity that is seen today, especially shipping. A teacher answer guide is available as additional support.
This could form part of a case study sheet or booklet looking at the different elements outlined in the specification. It may be useful to have an OS Map of the area available for students to add labels and more specific information to the blank maps.
This could form part of a case study sheet or booklet looking at the different elements outlined in the specification.
This information relates to Cromer – one of the key tourist locations on the North Norfolk coast. This information could form part of a case study which also incorporated different approaches to management such a Blakeney Point which is managed mainly to minimise the environmental impact and Happisburgh which has not been protected by coastal management and is rapidly being consumed by the sea.
This exercise will help students with their OS Map skills by allowing them to use a key and also to transfer map evidence into a simpler format on the sketch map of the area.
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© OCR 2016 - This resource may be freely copied and distributed, as long as the OCR logo and this message remain intact and OCR is acknowledged as the originator of this work.
OCR acknowledges the use of the following content:
Thinking Contextually: Three maps of the UK showing relief, climate and farming © BBC. Map of the UK showing an overview of geology © The Open University. Map extracts of the North Norfolk Coast showing areas of Blakeney Point, Cromer and Happisburgh © Ordnance Survey.