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Delivery guides are designed to represent a body of knowledge about teaching a particular topic and contain:
- Content: A clear outline of the content covered by the delivery guide;
- Thinking Conceptually: Expert guidance on the key concepts involved, common difficulties students may have, approaches to teaching that can help students understand these concepts and how this topic links conceptually to other areas of the subject;
- Thinking Contextually: A range of suggested teaching activities using a variety of themes so that different activities can be selected which best suit particular classes, learning styles or teaching approaches.
The effect of dispositional factors (personality) on behaviours: self-esteem on conformity; locus of control in crowds; morality on pro-social and anti-social behaviour; the authoritarian personality on obedience; the influence of the brain in dispositional factors, including; hippocampal volume in self-esteem; and regions of the pre-frontal cortex in morality.
Criticisms of the effect of dispositional factors including issues of generalisability.
Dispositional Factors Research Study - NatCen (2011): study into the August riots in England with reference to anti-social collective behaviour and dispositional factors. (Note: candidates only need to be familiar with the events in Tottenham.)
This is a large sub topic with a variety of dispositional factors influencing behaviour being explored. Learners are likely to remember the August riots; this will help to engage them. There are lots of video footage and news reports with images that can be used to create board to illustrate the key research study by NatCen (2011). It is important to note that for the GCSE, learners will only need to know about the riots in Tottenham.
Common misconceptions or difficulties learners may have:
Learners are likely to find the influence of the brain in dispositional factors challenging. Using interactive and visual activities after teacher delivery is encouraged to facilitate engagement.
Conceptual links to other areas of the specification – useful ways to approach this topic to set learners up for topics later in the course:
Neuropsychology is assessed throughout the entire specification with links here to the role of the pre-frontal and the hippocampus in dispositional explanations.
Links can be made with research methods – the use of case studies, questionnaires and the potential to carry out a correlation all feature in this sup topic.
The use of case studies to illustrate the role of brain in dispositional factors will help give some context to a challenging area. Labelling life size drawings of the head with the brain structures can help to stimulate learner engagement.
The key research study by NatCen (2011) is presented in a different style to what learner’s may be used to. Breaking it down to focus on the dispositional factors is central to this specification. Using visual material such as news footage and images can help to contextualise the study.
This sub topic poses a good opportunity to engage in practical investigations and link aspects of research methods. The use of questionnaires provides an opportunity to discuss evaluative issues associated with self-report and learners can conduct their own correlational investigation.
Evaluation stimulus material. These can be cut up and given to learners in small groups or pairs. The cards give ‘hints’ to possible evaluation issues arising from the sub topic. Learners need to decide if it is a strength or limitation and then elaborate on the cards, discussing how or why the issue may be an evaluative consideration.
These can be discussed as a class after small group discussion or learners could be asked to write evaluation statements independently.
Locus of control questionnaire – Rotter (1966). Learners can take the questionnaire to discover their own locus of control.
There is an opportunity to link to research methods where learners can evaluate the use of questionnaires.
Practical research activity. Learners conduct a correlational piece of research investigating the relationship between: obedience of students at school and how strict their parents are. Data could be collected using rating scales. Results can be plotted onto a scatter diagram and findings and conclusions discussed in context of the authoritarian personality.
This provides an opportunity to evaluate the use of rating scales in questionnaires as well as ethical issues and social desirability. It also provides a link to graphical representations of data in the form of drawing scatter diagrams and interpreting the findings.
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